Cite Your Sources Quickly and Accurately!
Why? United States copyright law, that's why!
The Constitutional Provision Respecting Copyright:
"The Congress shall have Power…To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Tımes to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries."
-United States Constitution, Article I, Section 8
Credit must be given to any work you quote from, borrow from, or in any way include in your own work. If you did not create, write, or fashion a work entirely yourself, you must give credit. Even to anonymous creators in history!
Tools for Citation and Avoiding Plagiarism
Scroll Below for:
APA Web 2.0 Citations and MLA Web 2.0 Citations
Basic Format for Books:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication) . Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location:
Note: For "Location," you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY).
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Edited Book, No Author:
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY:
Russell Sage Foundation.
Edited Book with an Author or Authors:
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.
MLA Web 2.0 Citation Examples: This section is being developed.
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.
"MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)." The OWL at Purdue. Purdue U Online Writing Lab, 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2012.
The following MLA citation model is used for web citations and adjusted as needed for different web formats. Follow existing MLA rules for multiple authors, publishers and other variations.:
Author(s). Title. Title of the website if different from the article or page. Version or edition. Date of publication. Medium of publication (Web). Your date of access (month, day, and year).
"Washington Creates the Presidency (Overview)." American History ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 27 Mar.
Goldman, David. "Why Google's anti-piracy search crackdown won't affect YouTube." CNN.com.
Cable News Network, 14 Aug. 2012. Web. 14 Aug. 2012.
Article from an Online Database:
Salmar1515 [Sal Hernandez]. Re: Best Strategy: Fenced Pastures vs. Max Number of Rooms?
BoardGameGeek. BoardGameGeek, 29 Sept. 2008. Web. 5 Apr. 2009.
American Council of Learned Societies. Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and
Social Sciences. Our Cultural Commonwealth. New York: ACLS, 2006. PDF file.
Cortez, Juan. "Border Crossing in Chicano Narrative." 2007. Microsoft Word file.
Delano, Jack. At the Vermont State Fair. 1941. Lib. of Con., Washington. JPEG file.
Hudson, Jennifer, perf. "And I am Telling You I'm Not Going." Dreamgirls: Music from the Motion
Picture. Sony BMG, 2006. MP3 file.
Boyle, Anthony T. "Re: Utopia." Message to Daniel J. Cahill. 21 June 1997.
Google Book Search:
Child, Maria, ed. The Freedman's Book. Boston, 1866. Google Book Search. Web. 15 May 2008
"Glenelg, Maryland." Map. Google Maps. Google, 15 May 2008. Web. 1 Aug. 2012.
Internet, Online, or Web Archive:
Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Brooklyn, 1855. The Walt Whitman Archive. Web. 12 Mar. 2007.
Library of Congress:
"Oregon Territory." Today in History. Lib. of Cong., 14 Aug. 2012. Web. 14 Aug. 2012.
Online Charts, Images, Graphics (no author):
"Bell Schedule." Chart. Glenelg High School. Glenelg High School, 2011. Web. 14 Aug. 2012.
Online Encyclopedia (no author):
Ellis, Siân. "The Queen's Golden Age." British Heritage. 32.4 (2011): 34-39. History Reference
Center. Web. 14 Aug. 2012.
Madrigal, Alexis. "Maybe Fareed Zakaria Should Be Punished With Aggregation Duty." The
Atlantic.com. Atlantic Monthly Group, Aug. 2012. Web. 14 Aug. 2012.
Online Newspaper Article (editorial, no author):
"The Scientists Speak." Editorial. New York Times. New York Times, 20 Nov. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.
Brokaw, Tom (tombrokaw). "SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this
campaign." 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m. Tweet.
Need more information? Go to the Owl at Purdue:
General research writing help and resources:
Electronic source citations: